Even with a gutter system in place and working properly, water will stand around your foundation and, in your yard, creating exterior drainage issues. This can make landscaping difficult and that is where an exterior water drainage system helps. It directs outside water to the street’s sewer and drains excess water from the soil around your home.
Exterior drainage systems relieve any pressure this standing water has put on the foundation around your home and keeps your landscaping in place. There are several exterior water drainage solutions and a trained professional can discuss those solutions with you and determine which exterior water drainage system would be the best for your particular situation.
How do I get rid of flooding in my yard?
If your yard collects rainwater, you probably have large pools of water after each rain, and when they finally dry up, it rains again. This is damaging your landscaping, if you have any, and if you have a basement, good chance it is getting water seepage, maybe even flooding. Fortunately, there are some solutions for exterior water drainage system that can help with this problem.
1. If your yard is flooding in one particular area that is lower than the rest, you can add heavy mulch or topsoil to raise that area to a higher elevation, equal to the rest of the yard.
2. Another option would be to create a depression or swale that will guide the rain runoff to a different area. Use deep-rooted plants and large rocks to line the bottom as an exterior water drainage system that will control the water flow.
3. Create a rain garden with deep root vegetation that needs a lot of water. This method won’t redirect the rainwater but gives it a place to “work” into the soil as it collects.
4. If you’re having trouble with widespread flooding, a French draindisperse the water throughout the yard. This exterior water drainage system will require the services of a professional landscaper. They will dig a trench deeper than your house in the flooding and install a perforated pipe. They will then fill an aggregate material in the hold that will filter the water and keep the pipe from getting clogged with debris. The rainwater will collect in the French pipe re-directed it into the ground.
5. Another exterior water drainage system is to install a dry well. This can be made with a perforated plastic tub like that will collect the water then slowly release it. Like a French drain, you want to install this in a hole that is below your house level and fill the surrounding hole with an aggregate material. You then attach pipes to the dry well so that it redirects the water flow.
6. A sump pump is a time tested exterior water drainage system that can prevent flooding in your home and yard by transferring water from the soil in your yard to a pit. The pump then pulls the water from the pit and out into the yard, away from your home and landscaping. This is the more expensive of other exterior water drainage solutions but works better than a dry well or French drain.
How do I drain standing water from my yard?
Once you have identified where the water is standing in your yard, using a shovel, dig a trench from there towards an area where the water can drain easier. Then pour pea gravel in the trench and place a flexible plastic landscape pipe over the gravel and create an exterior water drainage system.
Another way to create an exterior water drainage system with little labor or money is to use a water hose as a siphon and follow these steps:
- 1. Find an area for the excess water, like a ditch or the street drain.
- 2. Put one end of a water hose in the middle of the area that is flood.
- 3. Submerge the hose completely until you see bubbles rising to the surface.
- 4. Place your palm over the hose to create a seal and prevent water from leaking out and releasing the suction you need.
- 5. With the hose low at ground level, put the other hose end where you’re redirecting the water.
- 6. With that hose end as low as you can get it, point it toward the area where you want it redirected.
- 7.Remove your hand and the unwanted water will gush out and should keep draining until the flooded end isn’t submerged.
You may have to make some adjustments to this inexpensive exterior water drainage system to get more water out, this will depend on individual situations.
How do I fix bad drainage in my yard?
Here are some strategies to help you create house exterior drainage:
- Re-grade Your Lawn: A professional landscaper will survey your lawn, pinpoint the trouble spots, and find channels and natural drains. They then address the areas re-grading will help and address the areas where water pools.
- De-thatch Your Lawn: If your lawn has anything that is blanketing your lawn, this will keep it from draining. Using a dethatcher or lawn rake, remove any excess debris. Another option when you don’t have an exterior water drainage system, but you have a yard standing in water, is using the mulch feature on your lawn mower or mow and bag to collect that debris and thatch.
- Aerating Your Lawn: After you have removed any debris and thatch, put small holes throughout your lawn with a lawn aerator. This breaks up the compacted soil so that air, nutrients, and water can get to the roots of the grass.
- Boost the Soil: If the soil in your yard is hard or sticky, use as a rake or shovel to break up the soil. Then add compost, manure, or mulch to boost the soil. You may have a “hardpan” that is just below the soil surface. By breaking this up with a shovel and allowing it to dry out, then add compost, manure, or mulch in those hardpan areas. This is a natural exterior water drainage system that won’t require professional services.
- Extend the Downspouts: Extend your rain gutter downspouts out further and away from your plant bed around your house. Some situations will need a French drain or install an exterior sump pump for drainage. Rain gutters are a must for any home, but they can create problems with exterior water drainage system. An extension to the downspouts is a simple fix.
- Build Up the Soil: If a high water table is making it hard to landscape, raise your plant beds and plant flowers and greenery that have shallow roots.
What are different types of drainage systems?
A professionally installed and working residential drainage systems is especially important to your home and your landscaping. They as they prevent mildew, mold, rotting, and structural damage from a buildup of water. The following are types of residential exterior water drainage systems:
- Surface Drainage: This is comprised of parallel shallow ditches dug in a pattern that act as canals for the water to run-off into the main drain to stop flooding and water pooling.
- Subsurface Drainage: Commonly known as a French drain, it consisting of pipes buried just beneath the top layer of soil and removes water at root level. A larger drain is installed to collect the water from the pipes.
- Slope Drainage: This exterior water drainage system allows water to flow downward away from your house using pipes that are installed and anchored in an incline, causing water to flow away through the pipes.
- Downspout and Gutter: Rain gutters diver water from the roof to the downspouts which driver the water the ground away from the house.
Final Words of Thought
Proper exterior water drainage system isn’t just for the beauty of your landscaping. You also need proper drainage to keep your foundation stable and strong, and if you have a basement, an exterior water drainage system will keep it from flooding.